History, mandate and targets
The GAVI Alliance is a public-private partnership established in 2000 with the aim of improving health, mainly through the implementation of vaccination campaigns in developing countries.
Members of the Alliance are both countries and private sector, such as the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, which produces vaccines from both developed and developing countries, specialised research institutes, civil society and international organisations such as WHO, UNICEF and World Bank.
The main objectives of the Alliance are: to facilitate access to ongoing vaccination campaigns; to strengthen health systems and, within them, the immunisation system and vaccination campaigns worldwide; to encourage research and development of new immunisation methods and vaccines.
On top of direct donations from Member States, the Alliance uses innovative funding mechanisms that help ensure sustainability of its activities, such as the Advance Market commitment (AMC) and the Iffim (International Finance Facility for immunization).
Italy supports the Gavi Alliance since 2006, when it became a founding member of Iffim, and has gained a leading role in the launch of the first CMA to accelerate the development and availability of vaccines.
Italy is currently the fourth major donor of GAVI after USA, UK and France. Over the period 2016-2020, Italy is contributing with 100 million euros.